Freedom of opinion for the hypocrites is not limited to public or verbal declarations, but also to conducting plans and even conspiracies in the darkest of circumstances. The Qu'ranic legislation only intervened when the hypocrites during the Prophet's time, transcended the red line, plotting to damage the state at a time when enemies were besieging it from all directions.
The hypocrites had freedom of corruption without being punished, justifying it as the reform from their point of view. While believers were enjoining good and forbidding evil, hypocrites in the city were doing the opposite refusing to give charity, declaring their position in an atmosphere of freedom. The borders of promoting virtue and preventing vice inside the Muslim community do not exceed the limit of oral advice without coercion.
They refused to obey the Messenger, the official governor of Al-Madina, as an expression of their non-recognition of his authority, even while the Prophet was merciful and good to them.
They also refused to stand before the official judge of the state, and even rejected the law, expressing dissatisfaction of Islamic governing.
Allah makes the Qu'ranic legislation a choice for people, with the believers hearing and obeying it. Even in times of war and emergency they have always had their full freedom in speech and action against the state in which they live. In modern democracies, we resort to exceptional laws in such circumstances, but the Qu'ranic legislation backs the freedom of speech to a large extent.
In the Ohud battle, they were free to stay in their homes and abandon fighting, yet still held the Muslims responsible for the defeat because they did not obey the instructions to remain in Al-Madina.
In the Battle of Al-Ahzab (the parties), the polytheists gathered around the city, and the hypocrites were not able to escape. They panicked and became a fifth column for the enemy.
In this difficult situation, three groups of hypocrites appeared to sabotage the state. The Qu'ran came to light to threaten them and put for them a red line.
We know that the Islamic army did not force men to recruit, according to the constitution of the Qur'an, which states that there is no compulsion in religion, and this principle was the only way to mobilize the Muslim army. This volunteer army was the one to open the country and spread Islam. By the same principle, the hypocrites found no compulsion in religion, and enjoyed their freedom in recruitment and refused to go out to fight.
Spreading rumors, especially in times of war, was a plot against the Muslims in the plight of the parties at the time of danger.
Because of the large number of rumors, they made the city a beehive where rumors reverberating, with the fact that Al-Madina’s open society had the greatest degree of openness and political and religious freedom.
They were plotting against the Prophet, where they obeyed him in public but plotted against him in private.
As a result of plotting against the Muslims, sedition spread among them.