Freedom of opinion for the hypocrites is not limited to public or verbal declarations, but also to conducting plans and even conspiracies in the darkest circumstances. The Quranic legislation only intervened when they transcended the red line, plotting to damage the State at a time when enemies were besieging it from all directions.
The hypocrites had freedom of corruption without being punished justifying it as the reform from their point of view. While believers were enjoining good and forbidding evil, hypocrites in the city were doing the opposite and refusing to give charity, declaring their position in an atmosphere of freedom. The borders of Promoting Virtue and preventing vice inside the Muslim community do not exceed the limit of oral advice without coercion.
They refused to obey the Messenger, the official governor of Al-Madina as an expression of their non-recognition of his authority, while the prophet was merciful and good to them.
They also refused to stand before the official judge of the state, and even rejected the law, expressing dissatisfaction of the Islamic governing.
Allah makes the Quranic legislation a choice of people with the believers hearing and obeying it. Even in times of war and emergency they have had their full freedom in speech and action against the state in which they live. In modern democracies, we resort to exceptional laws in such circumstances, but the Quranic legislation backs the freedom of speech to a large extent.
In the Ohud foray, they were free to stay at homes and abandon fighting, and then hold the Muslims the responsibility of the defeat because they did not obey their desire to remain in Al-Madina.
In the Battle of Al-Ahzab (the parties), the polytheists gathered around the city, and the hypocrites were not able to escape. They were panic and became a fifth column for the enemy.
In this difficult situation three groups of hypocrites appeared to sabotage the state. The Koran came to light to threaten them and put for them a red line.
We know that the Islamic Army was not forced to recruit, depending on the constitution of the Qur'an, which states that there is no compulsion in religion, and this principle was the only way to mobilize the Muslim army, this volunteer army is the one who opened the country and spread Islam. By this same principle, hypocrites found no compulsion in religion to enjoy their freedom in recruitment and refused to go out to fight.
Spreading rumors, especially in times of war, was a plot against the Muslims in the plight of the parties at the time of danger.
Because of the large number of rumors, they have made the city a beehive where rumors reverberating, with the fact that Al-Madina’s open society has the greatest degree of openness and political and religious freedom.
They were plotting against the Prophet where they obey him in public and plot against him in private.
As a result of plotting against the Muslims, sedition spread among them.